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php调用webservice失败怎么办

php调用webservice失败的解决办法:1、去掉“;extension=php_soap.dll”前的分号并重启apache;2、创建WSDL文件并运行creatService.php文件;3、关闭WSDL缓存。

php调用webservice失败怎么办

本文操作环境:windows7系统、PHP7.1版、DELL G3电脑

php调用webservice失败怎么办?

php编写webservice案例、webservice调用失败

作为开发者来讲,要想写webservice接口或者调用别人的webservice接口,首先需要了解什么是webservice。

简单说, WebService就是一些站点开放一些服务出来, 也可以是你自己开发的Service, 也就是一些方法, 通过URL,指定某一个方法名,发出请求,站点里的这个服务(方法),接到你的请求,根据传过来的参数,做一些处理,然后把处理后的结果以XML形式返回来给你,你的程序就解析这些XML数据,然后显示出来或做其它操作。

在开始编写之前需要对php环境做一些配置:

打开php安装目录下的php.ini文件

找到 ;extension=php_soap.dll ,去掉前面的分号,保存,然后重启apache。

配置好环境就可以编写php了,先创建creatService.php文件,复制下面代码:

<?php
class ServiceTest{
	public function firstHandle($name){
		return "你的名字是:".$name;
    }
    
    public function dbInsert($text){
        $db=new mysqli("localhost","root","","test");
		if(mysqli_connect_error()){
		    return '数据库连接失败。';
		    exit;
		}
        $result=$db->query("insert into test_soap (text) values('".$text."')");
        
		if($result){
			return $result;
		}else{
			return "插入失败";
		}
    }
}

if(file_exists('ServiceTest.wsdl')){ //只有当ServiceTest.wsdl文件存在时才进行注册类
    $objSoapServer = new SoapServer("ServiceTest.wsdl");
    //注册ServiceTest类的所有方法 
    $objSoapServer->setClass("ServiceTest");
    //处理请求 
    $objSoapServer->handle();
}

require_once "SoapDiscovery.class.php";
$dis=new SoapDiscovery("ServiceTest","WebService"); //第一个参数为类名也是生成wsdl的文件名
$dis->getWSDL();



?>

第一次运行creatService.php文件时要创建wsdl文件,创建WSDL文件需要用到一个辅助类SoapDiscovery.class.php。在文章末尾可以得到。

创建完成之后便是测试调用,创建client.php文件,复制以下代码:

ini_set('soap.wsdl_cache_enabled','0');//关闭缓存

$x = new SoapClient("http://localhost/webServiceTest/ServiceTest.wsdl"); //这里的链接换成你自己的访问链接

try {
    echo $x->firstHandle('qweqrwergwe');

    echo ('<pre>');
    var_dump ( $x->__getFunctions () );//获取服务器上提供的方法
    echo ('</pre>');

    echo ('<pre>');
    var_dump ( $x->__getTypes () );//获取服务器上数据类型
    echo ('</pre>');
}catch (SoapFault $f){
    echo "Error Message: {$f->getMessage()}";
}

注意! ini_set('soap.wsdl_cache_enabled','0'); //关闭WSDL缓存

如果不关闭缓存,会造成测试无效,缓存数据会扰乱测试准确性。

注意!如果是在thinkphp5中使用SoapClient函数应当如下使用:

$client = new \\SoapClient ('http://www.baidu.com/ids/terminal/terminalWs.wsdl');

重要点:

使用https访问webservice的话会出现访问异常,博主就遇到这个问题的,本地创建和调用webservice都通过了,但是一放到线上就无法调用了,然后各种google、baidu。最后才发现线上的环境是http强制转了https。

我的解决办法是取消了http强制转换https的功能:

找到httpd-vhost.conf,注释掉一下代码:

##    RewriteEngine on
##    RewriteCond   %{HTTPS} !=on
##    RewriteRule   ^(.*)  https://%{SERVER_NAME}$1 [L,R]

注释掉上面的代码后我发现我的网站不是https了,呜呜呜~,真的是拆了东墙补西墙啊,赶紧想办法,因为网站必须使用https才行,还好我使用的是thinkphp框架,找到了一个方法,在入口文件index.php最下面加入下面的代码就行了:

if (empty($_SERVER['HTTPS']) || $_SERVER['HTTPS'] === "off") {
    $location = 'https://' . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
    header('HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently');
    header('Location: ' . $location);
    exit;
}

SoapDiscovery.class.php类:

<?php
  
/**
 * Copyright (c) 2005, Braulio Jos?Solano Rojas
 * All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are
 * permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 * 
 * 	Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of
 * 	conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 * 	Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of
 * 	conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials
 * 	provided with the distribution. 
 * 	Neither the name of the Solsoft de Costa Rica S.A. nor the names of its contributors may
 * 	be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific
 * 	prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
 * CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 * DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR
 * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
 * OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
 * EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * 
 *
 * @version $Id$
 * @copyright 2005 
 */
 
/**
 * SoapDiscovery Class that provides Web Service Definition Language (WSDL).
 * 
 * @package SoapDiscovery
 * @author Braulio Jos?Solano Rojas
 * @copyright Copyright (c) 2005 Braulio Jos?Solano Rojas
 * @version $Id$
 * @access public
 **/
class SoapDiscovery {
	private $class_name = '';
	private $service_name = '';
	
	/**
	 * SoapDiscovery::__construct() SoapDiscovery class Constructor.
	 * 
	 * @param string $class_name
	 * @param string $service_name
	 **/
	public function __construct($class_name = '', $service_name = '') {
		$this->class_name = $class_name;
		$this->service_name = $service_name;
	}
	
	/**
	 * SoapDiscovery::getWSDL() Returns the WSDL of a class if the class is instantiable.
	 * 
	 * @return string
	 **/
	public function getWSDL() {
		if (empty($this->service_name)) {
			throw new Exception('No service name.');
		}
		$headerWSDL = "<?xml version=\\"1.0\\" ?>\\n";
		$headerWSDL.= "<definitions name=\\"$this->service_name\\" targetNamespace=\\"urn:$this->service_name\\" xmlns:wsdl=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/\\" xmlns:soap=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/\\" xmlns:tns=\\"urn:$this->service_name\\" xmlns:xsd=\\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema\\" xmlns:SOAP-ENC=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/\\" xmlns=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/\\">\\n";
		$headerWSDL.= "<types xmlns=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/\\" />\\n";
 
		if (empty($this->class_name)) {
			throw new Exception('No class name.');
		}
		
		$class = new ReflectionClass($this->class_name);
		
		if (!$class->isInstantiable()) {
			throw new Exception('Class is not instantiable.');
		}
		
		$methods = $class->getMethods();
		
		$portTypeWSDL = '<portType name="'.$this->service_name.'Port">';
		$bindingWSDL = '<binding name="'.$this->service_name.'Binding" type="tns:'.$this->service_name."Port\\">\\n<soap:binding style=\\"rpc\\" transport=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http\\" />\\n";
		$serviceWSDL = '<service name="'.$this->service_name."\\">\\n<documentation />\\n<port name=\\"".$this->service_name.'Port" binding="tns:'.$this->service_name."Binding\\"><soap:address location=\\"http://".$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'].':'.$_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'].$_SERVER['PHP_SELF']."\\" />\\n</port>\\n</service>\\n";
		$messageWSDL = '';
		foreach ($methods as $method) {
			if ($method->isPublic() && !$method->isConstructor()) {
				$portTypeWSDL.= '<operation name="'.$method->getName()."\\">\\n".'<input message="tns:'.$method->getName()."Request\\" />\\n<output message=\\"tns:".$method->getName()."Response\\" />\\n</operation>\\n";
				$bindingWSDL.= '<operation name="'.$method->getName()."\\">\\n".'<soap:operation soapAction="urn:'.$this->service_name.'#'.$this->class_name.'#'.$method->getName()."\\" />\\n<input><soap:body use=\\"encoded\\" namespace=\\"urn:$this->service_name\\" encodingStyle=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/\\" />\\n</input>\\n<output>\\n<soap:body use=\\"encoded\\" namespace=\\"urn:$this->service_name\\" encodingStyle=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/\\" />\\n</output>\\n</operation>\\n";
			    $messageWSDL.= '<message name="'.$method->getName()."Request\\">\\n";
				$parameters = $method->getParameters();
				foreach ($parameters as $parameter) {
					$messageWSDL.= '<part name="'.$parameter->getName()."\\" type=\\"xsd:string\\" />\\n";
				}
				$messageWSDL.= "</message>\\n";
				$messageWSDL.= '<message name="'.$method->getName()."Response\\">\\n";
				$messageWSDL.= '<part name="'.$method->getName()."\\" type=\\"xsd:string\\" />\\n";
				$messageWSDL.= "</message>\\n";
			}
		}
		$portTypeWSDL.= "</portType>\\n";
		$bindingWSDL.= "</binding>\\n";
		//return sprintf('%s%s%s%s%s%s', $headerWSDL, $portTypeWSDL, $bindingWSDL, $serviceWSDL, $messageWSDL, '</definitions>');
	    $fso = fopen($this->class_name . ".wsdl" , "w"); 
        fwrite($fso, sprintf('%s%s%s%s%s%s', $headerWSDL, $portTypeWSDL, $bindingWSDL, $serviceWSDL, $messageWSDL, '</definitions>')); 
        exit; 
	}
	
	/**
	 * SoapDiscovery::getDiscovery() Returns discovery of WSDL.
	 * 
	 * @return string
	 **/
	public function getDiscovery() {
		return "<?xml version=\\"1.0\\" ?>\\n<disco:discovery xmlns:disco=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/disco/\\" xmlns:scl=\\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/disco/scl/\\">\\n<scl:contractRef ref=\\"http://".$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'].':'.$_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'].$_SERVER['PHP_SELF']."?wsdl\\" />\\n</disco:discovery>";
	}
}
 
?>

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